GMN
GMNYour Arts Network
Home Classical Jazz Opera Ballet Theater World Shop Contests Forums

 Websites
GMN Premium
ClassicalPlus
JazzPlus

CD SHOP
 Special Offers
 Best Sellers
 GMN CDs
 Classical
 Jazz
 Opera
 World
 Ballet
 Theater
 Gift Subscriptions

 Forums
Visit our NEW! Discussion Forums
(Registration Required)

SUBSCRIBE
 
FREE Newsletter
'

Want to save money on your broadband? Quick, grab a lifeline from PlusNet. Super-fast up to 20Mb broadband only £9.99 per month. Moving is free - terms apply. PlusNet broadband.
SEARCH
The GMN Shop
Content Archive
The MediaPlayer
Free Music
Grove Dictionary
All Searches



MEMBERS
 Sign In
 New User Sign Up
 Select a Player


Weill, Kurt
 Biography
 Listen To Music
 List/Buy Works

Biography
Weill, Kurt (Julian).

(Born; Dessau, 2 March 1900; Died; New York, 3 April 1950).
German composer, American citizen from 1943. He was a pupil of Humperdinck, Busoni and Jarnach in Berlin (1918-23); their teaching informed his early music, including the choral Recordare (1923) and the Concerto for violin and wind (1924), the latter also influenced by Stravinsky. But the deeper influence of Stravinsky, coupled with an increased consciousness of music as a social force, led Weill to a rediscovery in the mid-1920s of tonal and vernacular elements, notably from jazz, in his cantata Der neue Orpheus and one-act stage piece Royal Palace, written between two collaborations with the expressionist playwright Georg Kaiser: Der Protagonist and Der Zar lässt sich photographieren. In 1926 he married the singer Lotte Lenya, who was to be the finest interpreter of his music.

His next collaborator was Brecht, with whom he worked on The Threepenny Opera (1928), The Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny (1929) and Happy End (1929), all of which use the corrupted, enfeebled diatonicism of commercial music as a weapon of social criticism, though paradoxically they have beome the epitome of the pre-war culture they sought to despise. Yet this is done within the context of a new harmonic consistency and focus. These works have also drawn attention from the theatre works in which Weill developed without Brecht during the early 1930s, Die Bürgschaft and Der Silbersee (with Kaiser again).

In 1933 he left Germany for Paris, where he worked with Brecht again on the sung ballet The Seven Deadly Sins. Then in 1935 he moved to the USA, where he cut loose from the European art-music tradition and devoted himself wholeheartedly to composing for the Broadway stage, intentionally subordinating aesthetic criteria to pragmatic and populist ones. Yet these works are still informed by his cultivated sense of character and theatrical form.

Dramatic music: Der Protagonist (1926); Royal Palace (1927); Der Zar lässt sich photographieren (1928); Die Dreigroschenoper (1928); Aufstieg und Fall der Stadt Mahagonny (1929); Happy End (1929); Der Jasager, school opera (1930); Die Bürgschaft (1932); Der Silbersee (1933); Die sieben Todsünden, sung ballet (1933); Johnny Johnson, fable (1936); Knickerbocker Holiday, operetta (1938); Railroads on Parade, pageant (1939); Lady in the Dark, musical play (1941); One Touch of Venus, musical comedy (1943); Street Scene, Broadway opera (1947); Down in the Valley, college opera (1948); Love Life, vaudeville (1948); Lost in the Stars, musical tragedy (1949); film, theatre and radio music.
Orchestral music: Sym. no. 1 (1921); Divertimento (1922); Sinfonia sacra (1922); Conc., vn, wind (1924); Sym. no. 2 (1933).
Vocal music: Recordare, chorus (1923); Der neue Orpheus, S, vn, orch (1925); Vom Tod im Wald, B, wind (1927); Das Berliner Requiem, T, Bar, B, chorus (1928); Der Lindberghflug, T, Bar, chorus (1929); Kiddush, T, chorus (1949); songs.
Chamber music: 2 str qts (1919, 1923); Vc Sonata (1920)

© Groves Dictionaries, MacMillan Publishers Limited, UK

 Classical News
Festival Preview - Pigtales in Aspen
A pig with hair to make Goldilocks blush and who is more concerned with true love than becoming sausages. There's meat in Gruber's opera premiered to be premiered in Aspen...

Goodbye to Berlin
Claudio Abbado conducts his Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra for the final time in Vienna to great ovations and celebrations of a top-rank conducting career...

GMN artists prominent at Proms 2002
The BBC Promenade Concerts for 2002 have been announced and, as usual, feature a feast of musical luninaries, with many of the concert highlights coming from GMN's illustrious family...

More Classical News

 Featured Item


Read more


gmnyour arts network
 GMN.com 
 GMN ClassicalPlus   GMN JazzPlus 
Become an Affiliate · Contact Us · Advertising · News · Links
Home · Register · Terms of Use · Privacy Policy · Information Center · Help

Copyright © 1999 - 2001 Global Music Network Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Music downloads, audio and video provided for personal, non-commercial use only and may not be re-distributed.

Thu, Nov 23, 2017 8:44:11 PM US EST
back to top
4.003906E-02 Seconds
v4.0b - www.gmn.com - True
Easynet