Anatol [Anatoly] Konstantinovich Lyadov [Liadov]
(Born; St Petersburg, 11 May 1855; Died; Polīnovka, 28
Aug 1914). Russian composer and teacher. A pupil of Rimsky-Korsakov at the St Petersburg
Conservatory, he showed promise and developed a lasting interest in counterpoint; from
1878 he taught at the conservatory (Prokofiev and Myaskovsky were among his pupils), also
making appearances as a conductor. In the 1870s he was associated with 'The Five', and in
the 1880s with the Belyayev circle. Many of his pieces are based on pre-existing motifs
(folksongs, other composers' themes, a cantus firmus) or rely on a programme, revealing
his sense of orchestral colour and gift for musical characterization (notably in the
orchestral works Baba-Yaga, ?1891-1904, and Kikimora, 1909); later works,
including the symphonic poem Skorbnaya pesn (1914), experiment with extended
tonality. A series of charming piano miniatures is still in the repertory.
Procrastination, indolence and self-doubt prevented him from completing a work of any size
Š Groves Dictionaries, MacMillan Publishers
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