Ireland, John (Nicholson)
(Born; Bowdon, 13 Aug 1879; Died; Rock Mill, 12 June 1962). English composer. He studied at the RCM, first as a pianist, then as a composer under Stanford (1897-1901), under whom he gained command of a solid Brahmsian style radically altered during the next two decades by the impressions of Debussy, Ravel and Stravinsky. The result was a sequence of lyrical piano pieces, but also substantial chamber works, including two piano trios (1906, 1917) and two violin sonatas (1909, 1917). Meanwhile he served as organist and choirmaster at St Luke's, Chelsea (1904-26), later returning to the RCM to teach (1923-39). His postwar works include the symphonic rhapsody Mai-Dun (1921, one of many works suggestive of English landscape), the Piano Concerto (1930), a classic of 20th-century English music, and Legend for piano and orchestra (1933).
© Groves Dictionaries, MacMillan Publishers Limited, UK
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